How to Analyze Legal Cases and Factual Scenarios--Use the "FIRACT" format*
*(Facts, Issue, Rule, Analysis, Conclusion, Take-home message):
--Facts (what are the facts relevant to deciding the case?)
--Issue (what is the precise legal issue that must be resolved in the case?)
--Rule of Law (what is the applicable legal principle explained by the court)? What does it require or prohibit?
--Analysis (here, you apply the relevant Facts to the applicable Rule of Law)
--Conclusion (based on your Analysis above, does the employer or employee prevail? Why?)
--Take-home message (what should we learn from this case that is applicable to future management conduct?)